Darfur is a region of Western Sudan that is the size of France. A little over half of the six million people who live in Darfur are of non-Arabic origin; the rest are Arab. They have lived together for centuries. When conflicts occurred over land, they were able to resolve them. 

In the 1980s and 1990s, the right of Africans to live in Darfur was questioned. In recent years, Africans have increasingly been referred to as abid meaning slave.

Growing attacks on African villages in the early 2000s led to civil war in 2003. The Sudanese government responded with unimaginable violence towards the African peoples of Darfur, to destroy them or force them to leave their land. Arab militia, known as the Janjaweed, were armed and sent to terrorise and burn African villages with the support of the Sudanese military. 

Since 2003:             

 · Between 200,000 and 400,000 non-Arab Africans have perished            

· More than 3000 African villages have been burned            

· Thousands of women and girls have been systematically raped             

 · 2.4 million people have been forced to leave their home and now live in camps as refugees or internally displaced people (IDPs)            

· 4 million people are dependent on aid             

· Villages continue to be bombed 

· 280,000 people have escaped from Darfur into Chad and the Central African Republic.


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